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Investigating Effect of Working Memory Training on Reading Performance in Students with Reading Disorders

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Year:
2015
Type of Publication:
Article
Keywords:
Reading Disorders, Working Memory, Reading Performance
Authors:
  • Kakabaraee, Keivan
  • Afsharinia, Karim
  • Bostan, Nabi
  • Arefi, Mokhtar
Journal:
IJIRES
Volume:
2
Number:
4
Pages:
304-308
Month:
July
BibTex:
Note:
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 Creative Commons License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/
Abstract:
Reading problem is one of basic problems in students with learning disability. So that children who couldn’t read, definitely they wouldn’t be successful in school setting. For being successful in schools, students need to have sufficient working memory. In this quasi experimental research, researchers investigated effect of working memory training on reading performance in 2nd and 3rd grade students who have reading disorders. This research was conducted in Iran, Kermanshah. The sample of this research consisted of 15 students with reading disorder (as experimental group) and 15 students without reading disorder (as control group). In this experimental design, statistical sample were selected by purposeful sampling. They have been promoted by working memory intervention. Working memory training software (Persian version) was used for improving working memory. Instruments included, reading and dyslexic test (Nouri, Moradi & Akbari, 2005), and Wechsler intelligence scale for children. Data were analyzed by ANCOVA and MANCOVA methods. Results show that there was significant difference between pre and post test scores. It means working memory intervention was effective on reading performance. As well as using working memory improvement leads to enhancement of chaining word, rhyming word, naming pictures, text comprehension, understanding words, deleting phoneme and evaluating letter cues. Totally this program leads to improving dyslexic student’s performance.

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