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The emotional intelligence (EI) construct is a relatively new concept with little empirical research. This study examines the relationship between Iranian EFL learners’ general EI, five scales and fifteen subscales of EI on one hand, and reading comprehension ability on the other hand.For this purpose, 268 students completed the Bar-On EQ inventory which included 133 items and took a reading comprehension test. Subsequent data analysis revealed that the relationship between four EI scales (interpersonal, stress management, adaptability, and general mood) and reading comprehension ability was significant. However, no significant relationship was found between intrapersonal scale and reading comprehension ability. Furthermore, significant correlations were found between EI subscales and reading comprehension ability except for independence and assertiveness. The implications of the study are then discussed.