In the current stage, with the continuous evolution of our society and the continuous innovation of science and technology, the coal mining industry has made remarkable progress. Among them, the coal mine production process needs to face many complicated situations, such as the lack of water resources and other problems. In the actual mining process of coal mine, water control plays an indispensable role, and its importance is self-evident. Because there are many problems in the process of coal mining, the most important one is hydrogeology, which is directly related to the normal operation of the whole mine. In the process of coal mine safety mining, this key link plays a vital role, because it can effectively prevent the occurrence of coal mine water damage and other events, so as to provide a reliable guarantee for the safety of staff. Therefore, the prevention and control of water must be organically combined with the geological work of coal mining enterprises, and at the same time strengthen the comprehensive understanding of the causes of geological disasters, put forward corresponding solutions to prevent the occurrence of water hazards and other accidents in coal mines.