Human population is increasing exponentially parallel to which serious public health issues are also progressing. During the last three decades a number of viral epidemics have caused huge human death throughout the globe. Corona viruses belong to family of single-stranded RNA viruses have widespread prevalence in humans. Currently new mutant corona virus disease (COVID-19) has led to a global pandemic affecting more than 215 countries worldwide. COVID-19 is closely related to SARS and MERS (Middle East respiratory syndrome corona virus) which were responsible for considerable deaths throughout the globe. The reported cases of COVID-19 have been crossed more than 3,759,967 worldwide out of which about 259,474 deaths are occurred up till now. This is novel mutant virus and human beings have not developed immunity against this until been infected and recovered. Thus this new devastating pathogen will prevail and affect the humanity in quite different way to common viruses. There is no any vaccine is present against this virus and only precautions and isolation can helpful to avoid the huge loss. Therefore, this article is aimed provide information for public awareness about the general overview and prevalence of COVID-19 and the effective management, precautionary measure to avoid this prevailing infection.