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Utilization of Cocoa Farm Management Practices by Small-Scale Farmers: The Pressure of Socio-Cultural Factors

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Year:
2015
Type of Publication:
Article
Keywords:
Cocoa, Farm Management, Cocoa Research, Small Scale Farmers
Authors:
  • Asamoah, Mercy
Journal:
IJIRES
Volume:
2
Number:
1
Pages:
17-21
Month:
Jan.-Feb.
ISSN:
2349-5219
BibTex:
Note:
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 Creative Commons License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/
Abstract:
The Cocoa Research Institute of Ghana (CRIG) has over the years developed improved technologies and innovations to increase production to sustain the cocoa industry. These technologies are meant to be fully utilized with the right kind of equipment in order to realize the maximum benefit. However, despite the proven economic profitability of the technologies, certain socio-cultural factors affect full utilisation by small-scale farmers due to many personal and external factors. Some of these factors are farmer goals and their age, the system of labour employment, social obligations, attitudes and perceptions, inheritance system and land fragmentation. In order to encourage full utilization of these technologies, these socio-cultural factors need to be investigated and appropriate recommendations made to impact positively on Ghanaian cocoa farmers' maintenance culture. Thus, this study discussed sociocultural factors in respect of farmers’ farm management culture. A total of 240 respondents were interviewed in the Ashanti, Eastern, and Western regions of Ghana. Results showed that many farmers were aged, had many cocoa farms, large family sizes and perceived full use of CRIG’s technologies as expensive for small-scale farmers. Thus, the majority were constrained by lack of funds due to rising cost of social obligations, which ranked first among their priorities. Negative attitudes and perceptions also influenced some of the farmers. Fragmentation and labour systems also affected some farmers. It is thus, recommended that farmer education should be intensified and supported with favourable policies that would motivate them to fully utilize best practices approved for the management of cocoa farms.

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