Sudan, Dryland Schistosoma Haematobium, Al Rahad, Filtration Technique, Urogenital Schistosomiasis
Salim, Abdel-Moneim Mohamed
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In Sudan dry land, the local communities depend on natural resources for alternative. They parctise subsistence agriculture and animal herding. Some of these activities may affect their life negatively by increasing the probability of getting infectious diseases such as Schistosomiasis. This disease is amongst the areas projecting tremendously higher prevalence and intensity especially during childhood. A cross sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence and intensity of urogenital schistosomiasis among primary school children in Al - Rahad city in North Kordofan State, Sudan. A total of 114 students from 5 primary schools were chosen for sampling. They were classified into 3 age groups:7-9,10-12 and 13-15 years old. Their urine samples were examined using filtration laboratory technique for the infection with S. haematobium using the standard filtration technique. Data were analyzed statistically using SPSS, with respect to S. haematobium prevalence related to child sex and age group.
The study has recorded an overall higher prevalence S. haematobium among male students, (54.4%), as compared to females, (45.6%). Results of the Student t-test insignificant difference of egg count between the two sexes, (p= 0.467). ANOVA results indicated significant difference of the egg count between and within the age groups, (p= P=0.06). Results of Pearson Chi-square test revealed high correlation of S. haematobium infection to age group of infected children. These findings indicated that Al-Rahad city is endemic to urogenital schistosomiasis especially among males as compared to females and therefore, in order to mitigate the high intensity of infections, a control program is required.
The objectives of this study are to examine the prevalence Schistosomiasis in Sudan dry land especially in Kordofan State and to evaluate the infection rate among school children in Al-Rahd city. It also, meant to through some light on the endemic diseases in the area