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This study aimed at analyzing the incidence of government spending on health in rural areas of Edo State, Nigeria. The study made use of primary and secondary data. The primary data were obtained from 360 households in rural areas of Edo state through the use of well structured questionnaire and interview schedule. The relevant data were analyzed using Benefit Incidence Analysis. The Benefit Incidence Analysis result shows that the poor shared 32 percent, 37 percent and 27 percent of government spending on vaccination, prenatal and postnatal healthcares respectively. The share of the rich in government spending on vaccination, prenatal and postnatal healthcares are 33 percent, 32 percent and 38 percent respectively. This suggests that the rich benefited more than the poor in the share of government spending on vaccination and postnatal healthcares in rural areas of Edo State. However, vaccination programme should place more emphasis on Measles vaccination as the current rate of 42% for Measles is too low to achieve health target in the Millennium Development Goals by 2015. Government should mount a proper education campaign for the populace on the desirability of prenatal and post natal cares in the rural areas of the State. Building more health centers in rural communities where prenatal and postnatal healthcares can be administered is also important. All these are expected to increase the participation rates in prenatal and postnatal healthcare outcomes.