Verbal Violence, Political Discourse, Jakarta Election, Politeness
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Throughout the history of regional elections in Indonesia, Jakarta Election is one of the most excited, phenomenal, and controversial. It is not only fully loaded with political contents, but also has implications for the use of language as its political means. Apparently, the use of language in political discourse in the mass media is not longer bringing the clarity of meaning because it has been manipulated for the interests of political elites and certain groups, resulting in language manipulation and deviation of language functions as a tool of cooperation. This situation is growing rapidly due to the freedom of the press and social media in Indonesia which has become more liberal since the era of reformation and globalization. This is what encourages people to be more open to express their voices, from brilliant arguments, suggestions, and solutions until mockery on the emerging political issues, whether found in newspaper or electronic media until comments or complaints in social media. Thus, this article is a part of the result of the study entitled: “Verbal Violence in Political Discourse During Jakarta Election: A Study of Socio-Pragmatic Discourses”