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International Journal of Innovation and Research in Educational Sciences

Global Competitiveness: Case Study of Iran

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Year:
2017
Type of Publication:
Article
Keywords:
Global Competitiveness Index, Global Innovation Index, Economy of Iran, Value Chain Curve
Authors:
  • goghari, Mohammadsadegh
Journal:
IJIRES
Volume:
4
Number:
4
Pages:
452-455
Month:
July
ISSN:
2349-5219
BibTex:
Note:
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 Creative Commons License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/
Abstract:
The main purpose of this article is to study how competitiveness is economy of Iran. To do so, a wide literature such as global competitiveness index, global innovation index are reviewed. And also comparisons with other economies are done to make a clear picture about the status of economy of Iran. Findings reveal that despite of the huge revenue source of Iran from exporting gas and oil, the economy of Iran is not globally competitive and Iran encounters with serious shortages in the globalization path. It is also exposed that performance of Iran in “institutions”, “macroeconomic environments”, “labor market efficiency, “goods market efficiency”, “financial market efficiency”, and “innovation” is poor. Hence, to improve performance of Iran in global competitiveness, it is recommended to Iran to expend more to higher education and training to improve its human resource capabilities and then to improve the macroeconomic environment to persuade the educated people to stay in Iran (because Iran also suffers from brain-drain) and after that to spent more on research and development processes and motivate the human resources to be more innovative so that moving in global value chain curve where the attempts are directed toward innovation and idea generation rather production

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