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Tanzania like many developing countries, there is a wide gender gap between male and women when it comes to higher education. This paper critically examined the role of social cultural factors that affecting the women access to higher education. The statistics shows that there are no real problems of access to pre primary and primary education between boys and girls, the trend towards fewer girls in education starts to appear at secondary school level and accelerates markedly in institutions of higher learning. The study used the documentary review to investigate the role of social cultural factors that hinder the women access to higher education in Tanzania. The study used the statistics from Tanzania Commission of Universities (TCU) and University of Dar es salaam as a case study. The study reveal that some social practice, beliefs in the society affects the women access to higher education in Tanzania