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The Strategic management is a relatively new discipline that has gradually gained ground. It involves conscious plan of actions for implementation that discourages bureaucratization by ensuring that individual initiative of the subordinates are integrated into organizational goals for optimal maximization of objectives. This paper therefore integrates the concept; Strategic Management, its tenets and roles as a reform initiative that can facilitate the effectiveness of public sector organizations in Nigeria. With reliance on secondary sources of data collection and backed by the analytical approach, the paper observed that a reformed and well focused public service anchored on the tenets of Strategic Management, offers a ready tool for effective public service performance in Nigeria. The paper recommendsthat the structural barriers and other encumbrances to the implementation of public service reforms should be tackled on a sustainable basis. Also, that appropriate institutional framework that will entrench the tenets of strategic thinking across Nigeria’s public service should be encouraged.