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The goal of the research is to compare the differences and similarities between different cultures in pedagogical approaches for teaching spatial concepts to young children and to develop a pedagogical approach that not only promotes spatial orientation competence but also appeals to a broad spectrum of students including diverse racial and ethnic groups. We applied a mixed methodology (quantitative and qualitative). Results revealed that in terms of the spatial orientation teaching of different ethnic groups, cultural factors influence the spatial performance of young children. Similarity in instruction is more effective in helping children develop a spatial reference frame for use.