ITE, NONITE, Working Conditions, Motivation, Teaching Attitude, Teacher Performances, Study Performances
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The research objective was to investigate differences in teaching performance between ITE and NON-ITE graduates through educational background, competence, motivation and working climate. The population was a group of teachers who joined the BERMUTU programme. The teacher sampling size was 563 with Multistage Sampling of 2.216 junior high school teachers,274 of whom were certified teachers, while the other 289are uncertified teachers. The data were analyzed using SEM/LISREL 8.5 with model 2 PL and 1 PL. The results show that (1) there are no significant differences in teaching attitude between those teachers with their background study, (2) the level of teaching performance of ITE graduates is relatively lower than that of NON-ITE graduates, (3) there are no significant differences in the competence level between ITE graduates and NON-ITE ones in terms of professional competence, attitude, social competence, and pedagogical competence, and (4) on the contrary, the average teacher competence from the ITE background study was higher than their total average score. The average competence level of NONPLTK teacher graduates was relatively higher than the total average score of the whole teachers.