Common Agricultural Policy, European Union, Ecology, Biodiversity
Lospa, Stefania Mihaela
In the first 30 years of the Common Agricultural Policy, farmers benefited from particularly stable mechanisms to achieve their production according to food standards with guaranteed prices for most agricultural products with border protection against imports and financial aid to be able to export certain products, as well as market management measures for the storage of surpluses. Over time, however, the population grew and sustained agricultural production was needed, a situation that led to both large public stocks and massive exports. That is why European spending is rising sharply and tensions are emerging on the international stage where Europe is accused of contributing to lower world agricultural prices. In addition, European farms has been criticized for its health and environmental consequences. This article examines the future of the reform of the Common Agricultural Policy, which seeks to focus on a cleaner environment and biodiversity.