The study analyzed the effects of socioeconomic and technological characteristics on discontinuance of improved rice production technologies in Nasarawa and Plateau States, Nigeria. A multistage sampling technique was employed to select 310 respondents for the study. Data were collected from primary source, using a structured questionnaire. The data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics and logit regression. The result shows that most of (82.58%) of the respondents were male with a mean age of 45.10 years and were mostly married (80.32%), most (79.03%) of the respondents had primary education. Majority 60.56 percent and 66.15 percent of rice farmers in the area had family size of more than six persons and mean rice income of above ₦198,000 and Most 88.89 percent and 93.85 percent of the respondents belonged to farmers associations or cooperative society. It was found that 84.19 percent of rice farmers in Nasarawa and Plateau States had high levels of discontinuances. The coefficient of farm size (-1.031), household (-.186), rice income (.001), cost of technology (.561) and relative advantage (-.546) were found to significantly affect rice farmers decision to discontinued the use of improved technologies in the study area. It was recommended that the socio-cultural variables of rice farmers should be seriously considered by researchers and extension administrators before formulating, packaging and disseminating improved technologies so as to avoid discontinuance associated with complexity and socioeconomic barriers.