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International Journal of Innovation and Research in Educational Sciences

Academic Achievement and Socioeconomic Status: Results of the Brazilian National High School Examination

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Year:
2018
Type of Publication:
Article
Keywords:
Academic, Achievement, Socioeconomic, status and SAT
Authors:
  • Nogueira, Ary Jorge Aguiar
Journal:
IJIRES
Volume:
5
Number:
5
Pages:
548-553
Month:
September
ISSN:
2349-5219
Abstract:
The objective of this research is to evaluate the impact of socioeconomic factors on the performance of high school students who completed the National High School Examination (ENEM) in the last five years in the micro-region of the Middle Valley of the Paraíba River in the State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The methodology used is descriptive statistics. Parental education levels and family income were selected as socioeconomic variables. In the data analysis, a qualitative methodology was used. The results show that there is a correlation between socioeconomic factors and the students' final grades, with approximately 16% of the influence of the independent variables on the dependent variable (R² = 0.16). The research verified that among the independent variables, family income has the strongest correlation, followed by maternal education. Empirical evidence suggests that policies in favor of increasing education for females could contribute to the improvement of students' academic performance without the conflicts that redistributive policies tend to bring

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