Communication People, Languages, Messages, Shared Meanings, Strategies, Barriers, Goals and Objectives, Social Organizations Family, Church, Schools, Workplace, Nation and Society
JOHN, KIMEMIA N.
Communication is a unique and distinct activity that all human beings are involved in. We use `languages` as the principal tool of communication. However, even without the use of languages human beings may communicate by using gestures, symbols, visual forms, written messages, electronic devices, body movements, manner of dressing as well as remaining silent or mute. Human communication involves people and therefore it tries to understand how people relate to each other. This is what is called interpersonal and intrapersonal communication. In particular, communication involves trying to share `meaning` in the communication process. This is also called `mutuality of meanings`. For communication to be effective there must be mutual agreement in terms of words, symbols, signs and uncoded messages.
This paper attempts to highlight the various definitions of communication, focuses on the main roles or functions of human communication, forms of communication, patterns or networks of communication as well as the process or model of the communication process. The paper identifies various barriers or obstacles to effective communication as well as suggesting strategies that may lead to effective communication. It concludes by noting that effective communication leads to effective management which in turn leads to effective accomplishment of the goals and objectives of the organization