Gender Wise Distribution, Sub-Groups of Women Population, Economic Ventures etc
Sarmah, Prof. Prasanta
Goowalla, Dr. Horen
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The tea industry of Assam is more than 180 years old by now. The cultivation of tea on small holding is comparatively a recent development. Over the last few decades, tea has become one of India’s most important commodities. Not only is tea indigenous to India, it is also something that the country takes a lot of pride in as India is the second largest tea producer in the world after China. Tea contributes greatly to the country’s GDP growth as well as foreign exchange earnings. Now, production of tea in India takes place in both large and small scale. It is a labour intensive industry and highly dependent on a large workforce. Assam produces more than 50% of the tea produced in India and about 1/6th of the tea produced in the world. Tea industry has contributed substantially to the economy of Assam. About more than 6 lakh people are daily engaged in the tea gardens of Assam. Assam tea industry is India’s largest tea industry and second largest tea production region in the world after China. There are around 2500 small tea gardens and the total production of tea in Assam per year records to be more than 500 million kgs. This paper is to highlight the prospects and challenges associated in the promotion of tea entrepreneurship amongst the women through examining their present situation in the tea sector.