Education Budget, Education Quality, Teacher Quality, National Exam Scores, and Human Development Index
Kastawi, Nurkolis Siri
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Previous research on relationship and influence of education budget and corruption on education quality happened contradiction. The aim of the study to determine the relationship between education budget and the quality of education as well as the relationship between corruption and the quality of education. Research location in 11 cities in Indonesia with respondents interviewed as many as 1067 people. The sample determined purposively that has a corruption perspective index score in 2015. The data source is secondary data. The data sourced from the 2015 corruption perception index document from Transparency International Indonesia and the 2016 local development documents from the Ministry of Education and Culture. This study with quantitative correlational of nonlinear regression analysis. The results showed that the average education budget outside of the salary had been high, i.e., 14.77%. The level of competence of teachers is still low at only 61 if compared to the government target 80. Average national exam score is still low at 60. The average human development index is high at 78. There is an inconsistent relationship between the education budget and the quality of education. Similarly, the correlation between corruption perception index and quality of education is inconsistent