Cyprus, Kyrenia, Site Selection, Neolithic, Port City, Geopolitical
İsmail E. Özatenç,
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CC BY-NC-SA 4.0
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The main objective of this study is to determine the geographical factors that played a role in choosing the location of the city of Kyrenia during the Neolithic Era. To this end, the factors that affected the decision about the location of the city of Kyrenia, the physical and human geographical characteristics, and the interaction of these characteristics with each other, were studied from a geographical perspective. The research began with a literature search. Research was conducted at the TRNC National Archives, university and public libraries, State Planning Organisation Statistics and Research Department, Geology and Mines Department and similar government offices and among international electronic articles. The physical geographical characteristics were supported with field studies. Maps were created using the ArcGIS 9.3 programme. In light of the collated data, it could be said that the economic activities constituted the most important factor that played a role in the establishment of the city of Kyrenia. It is also thought that the Kyrenia-Nicosia mountain passage and the Kyrenia Port have increased the city’s hinterland and allowed it to become the administrative centre of the northern coastal plain.